According to Hamshahri Online, quoted by ISNA, senna is a herbaceous plant with woody stems and branches, with papery and completely dry fruits in green to light brown colors, which grows in Arabia, Africa and the coast of Somalia to Mozambique and India. The only species of senna in Iran with the local name of Kosen, which besides Iran, grows in different parts of Africa such as Sudan, Egypt, different parts of the Sahara, and also in Asia Minor.
of this plant for Treatment of constipationBowel evacuation is used before diagnostic tests of the gastrointestinal tract and the colorectal region. Senate because Hot and dry temperament It has many uses in traditional medicine. For example, it is useful in conditions such as joints and phlegm diseases, depression, insanity, epilepsy, headache and temple pain, and side pain, and its poultice in vinegar is effective for itching, healing old wounds, preventing hair loss, and using henna to darken hair.
How to use senna plant
direction Use of this plant Boiled water can be poured on 0.5 to 2 grams of the plant and strained after 10 minutes and eaten. It can also be soaked in cold water for 10 to 12 hours and consumed after straining. The solution obtained from the preparation method in which cold water is used has less amount of resin, this substance causes heartache and will work after 10-12 hours, but it should be noted that the amount and duration of the dose The average is 20 to 60 mg of senozide per day, and oral consumption is not recommended for more than 3 to 5 days.
It is forbidden to use this plant during pregnancy, and it is not recommended to use it during breastfeeding because there is not enough information about the secretion of metabolites of this plant in milk. Small amounts of active metabolites such as rhein are secreted in milk, but laxative effects have not been noted in breastfed children.
As much as the consumption of this plant can have many benefits, the problems of spasm and pain in the digestive system occur when consuming stimulant laxatives, including senna, in high doses. In rare cases, long-term use of this product can cause cardiac arrhythmia, nephropathy and accelerated bone destruction. High doses of senna can cause tetany, aspartylglucosamine secretion and hypogammaglobulinemia. Long-term use of senna can cause a decrease in electrolytes, especially ions and potassium.
Therefore, hypokalemia, increased aldosterone, albuminuria, blood in the urine, inhibition of bowel movements and muscle weakness may occur. An increase in the effect of cardiac glycosides and anti-arrhythmic drugs also occurs after a decrease in potassium. Long-term use of senna more than 3 times a day for a year or more can cause anatomical changes in the intestinal villi, damage to the neurons and longitudinal muscles of the intestine.
According to the announcement of the Iranian Medicine and Complementary Office of the Ministry of Health, like other stimulant laxatives, this plant is effective in intestinal obstruction, tightness or weakness of the intestinal muscles, undiagnosed abdominal problems, colon inflammation, appendicitis, abdominal pain with unknown cause, dehydration (loss of water) severe body) and chronic constipation are contraindicated and should not be used in children under 10 years of age.
A very important point is that in general, laxatives reduce the absorption of food salts and vitamins; Therefore, in case of taking supplements containing these compounds At least two hours before Senna product should be consumed.
This news article has been translated from the original language to English by WorldsNewsNow.com.
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