A healthy heart can be determined by blood pressure, pulse, cholesterol and glucose levels, and how you feel during exercise.
Cardiologist Anastasia Fomicheva spoke about this in an interview with Gazeta.Ru, calling the indicators that are the norm.
Optimal blood pressure numbers are less than 120/80 mmHg. Art., normal – less than 130/85 mm Hg. Art., but 130–139/85–89 mm Hg. Art. are already regarded as high values.
Your resting heart rate should be 60–80 beats per minute. During physical activity, the heart rate increases greatly, but the main thing here is how the rhythm is restored after.
Normal cholesterol level is less than 5.0 mmol/l.
“The level of “bad” LDL cholesterol, which forms atherosclerotic plaques in blood vessels, should be below 3.0 mmol/l, and the level of “good” HDL cholesterol should be above 1.2 mmol/l in men and above 1.0 mmol/l in women,” the doctor explained.
The fasting glucose level of a healthy person should not exceed 5.5 mmol/l. To determine whether a person has prediabetes, they need to check their glycated hemoglobin levels.
A sign of heart problems can also be fatigue during minor physical exertion – going to the store or climbing stairs.
The health of the organ is also affected by diet, sleep and bad habits, including smoking and alcohol abuse.
“The diet should be limited in saturated fats and fast carbohydrates. It is important to maintain a normal body mass index – 18–25 kg/sq. m. If you sleep less than six hours a night, your risk of cardiovascular events increases by 25%. Also, if there is severe night snoring, it is necessary to exclude obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, which may be the cause of high blood pressure and heart rhythm disturbances,” Fomicheva explained.
Earlier, cardiologist Maria Zebelyan spoke about non-obvious symptoms of heart problems, including headaches, skin growths, pain in the upper abdomen or legs.
This news article has been translated from the original language to English by WorldsNewsNow.com.
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