Important archaeological discovery in Alborz Achaemenids in the area of ​​the Medes era administrative building…

Important archaeological discovery in Alborz  Achaemenids in the area of ​​the Medes era administrative building…

Hamshahri Online – Mohammad Barikani: The Uzbek ancient site in Alborz province and Nazarabad city is one of the oldest ancient sites in Iran and remains from 9 thousand years before Christ and a site belonging to the Median period. Since 1377, various parts of the ancient Uzbek site are being explored for archeology.

The Uzbek ancient site has a main fortress that is located on top of the main Uzbek hill, and Dr. Yusuf Majidzadeh, in the 19 seasons of exploring this hill and its surrounding areas, which continued from 1377 to 1384, found that he was facing a Median era site that It has been established from the 9th millennium BC to 2000 BC. First, based on the gray pottery of the main Uzbek hill and later on finding the plum-colored pottery that he found in the satellite sites of the main Uzbek hill, he presented the theory that the invaders to this area, which he thought came from Siberia and the lands of Kasi, present-day Russia, in the millennia BC they invaded, gradually dissolved in the Uzbek hill culture and mixed with the Uzbek people and formed a family and built their own different civilization next to the Uzbek hill.

According to Hamshahri, this theory has now been rejected in new excavations, and as archaeologist Farzan Ahmadnejad and the deputy of Dushan Tepe archaeological excavations told Hamshahri, the plum-colored pottery belonged to the Zagros tribes, who were forced to because of climate change. They left their hometown and entered the Uzbek civilization and at this point they married the people of the Uzbek hill and formed a family and then formed their own culture next to this hill.

The Uzbek hill has 5 sites and an ancient hill. The Uzbek throne, the main fortress or the Uzbek hill, Dushan Tepe, Jiran Tepe and Maral Tepe are the ancient sites around this 26-meter hill, all of which have brought out the signs of the Median period.

Now, Dr. Mehrdad Malekzadeh, an archeologist who has been conducting the archaeological excavations of Dushan Tepe, one of the ancient satellite sites of the Uzbek Hill, for three months, told Hamshahri on the last day of the end of the eighth season of the excavation of this ancient site: in the exploration of this We were looking for artifacts from the 3rd Iron Age period in the ancient site of Dushan Tepe, which is the same as the Medes period. But we reached a structure that is not material, and based on the size and arrangement of the bricks, it is suspected that the Achaemenid structure was discovered in Dushan Tepe.

Mehrdad Malekzadeh said: We are still studying the new architectural structure of Dushan Tepe in the ancient Uzbek site to make sure that this site is an Achaemenid site. Because based on the size of the bricks used in the walls of this structure, it can be said that this building is an Achaemenid building. Therefore, if this hypothesis is proven, this is the first work of the Achaemenid period that came out of the ancient Uzbek site.

Uzbeki Hill has an area of ​​about 120 hectares and its ownership was private until the last two years and due to property rights, the government could not control the area and privacy of this hill and its surrounding areas, which had been turned into agricultural land, villa gardens and artificial lakes. to liberate But it was just in these past years that the owner of the Uzbek lands decided to donate 12 hectares of land around the main Uzbek hill to free the boundaries of this ancient site.

Now, in Dushan Tepe Uzbeki, architectural tools have been exposed. Dr. Mehrdad Malekzadeh, the head of the archeological exploration team of this site, told Hamshahri that it is very likely that this is an Achaemenid building, whose use is probably administrative, and another part of it is still It is hidden under the soil that needs to be explored again.


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