On June 2, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, attended a symposium on cultural inheritance and development in Beijing and delivered an important speech.Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Ye
Xi Jinping’s cultural thoughts are a theoretical summary of the practical experience in building party leadership culture in the new era. The view on the “second combination” has both profound ideological connotations and great contemporary significance. It has profound historical origins and is The huge theoretical innovation has promoted the new development of Marxism in China and the times, and it is a profound grasp of the law of development of Chinese civilization.
Marxism is highly consistent with China’s excellent traditional culture
General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed the concept of “two combinations” for the first time in his speech at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. He emphasized that on the new journey, we must “persist in combining the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality and with China’s excellent traditional culture, use Marxism to observe the times, grasp the times, lead the times, and continue to develop contemporary Chinese Marxism , Marxism in the 21st Century”. This means that the Communist Party of China, on the basis of its long-term insistence on “combining the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality”, has also proposed a “second combination”, that is, “combining it with China’s excellent traditional culture.”
The premise of “combination” is mutual compatibility. Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture have different sources, but they are highly consistent with each other. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that after Marxism was introduced into China, the proposition of scientific socialism was warmly welcomed by the Chinese people, and eventually took root in the land of China and blossomed. This was by no means accidental, but an excellent historical and cultural heritage that has been inherited by our country for thousands of years. It is in harmony with the values that the majority of people use every day but are unaware of. Marx and Engels stated in the preface to the German version of the Communist Manifesto that the practical application of these principles, as stated in the Manifesto, must be subject to the historical conditions of the time at any time and at any time. In addition to national conditions and world conditions, the “historical conditions at that time” also include the respective characteristics of different national cultures. The choice of institutional theory must take into account the inherent differences between different cultures in order to maximize the power of truth. To integrate the theoretical achievements of Marxism into practical advantages and integrate them into the people’s daily thoughts and concepts, it must be organically integrated with the country’s excellent traditional culture.
China’s excellent traditional culture emphasizes that “everyone is responsible for the rise and fall of a country”, “cultivate one’s family, govern the country and bring peace to the world”, etc. It advocates the pursuit of social ideals of the world for the common good and world harmony, and promotes the governance concepts of people as the foundation of the country and governance based on virtue. It is highly in line with the Chinese Communists’ strong sense of responsibility for the times, their feelings for the country and their country for the benefit of the people, and their political consciousness that they dare to teach the sun and the moon to change the sky. This is intrinsically consistent with the basic principles of scientific socialism – striving to build an ideal community without exploitation and oppression, where everyone does what they can and distributes according to need. China’s excellent traditional culture enriches the cultural life of Marxism and gives socialism with Chinese characteristics a profound cultural heritage and theoretical connotation.
In terms of the people-oriented relationship, China’s excellent traditional culture embodies the humanistic ideas of enriching the people and taking into account both justice and interests. It advocates “putting the people first, protecting the people’s foundation, and consolidating the peace of the country” and “valuing the people first, the country’s society second, and the monarch “Second to others”, emphasizing that the basis of governing the country is “people-oriented”. The Communist Party of China has inherited the essence of traditional people-centered thinking, creatively transformed and innovatively developed traditional people-centered thinking, and established the fundamental purpose of “serving the people wholeheartedly” and the development philosophy of “people-centered”. It is precisely because the Communist Party of China has always insisted on putting the people first in its governance practice that it has won the firm support and heartfelt support of the people, gathered the strength of people of all ethnic groups in the country, and achieved great achievements in socialist modernization.
In terms of self-cultivation, China’s excellent traditional culture advocates the pursuit of noble character, virtue and morality, and upholds the way of living in the world of trustworthiness, amity, and kindness to neighbors. Pursue the harmony of “Those who are virtuous are never alone, they will always have neighbors”, the integrity of “Heaven moves vigorously, and a gentleman strives to constantly strive for self-improvement”, the loyalty of “harmony without uniformity”, “a gentleman’s metaphorical meaning”, etc. These traditional virtues and personality cultivation are consistent with Marxist thoughts on the all-round development of human beings. They are fully reflected in the core socialist values and have become important principles for arming the whole party and educating the people.
The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics was developed under the guidance of Marxism and the history of Chinese civilization for more than 5,000 years. China’s excellent traditional culture has an important influence on the choice of the socialist path, such as “An old friend does not only care for his relatives, nor does he only care for his son. So that the old will have their end, the strong will be useful, the young will have their own growth, and the widowed, lonely and sick will have their end.” The goal and ideal of raising children, men having a share, and women having a home are highly consistent with the characteristics of communist society, which determines that China will inevitably choose to take the road of socialism. Guided by Marxism, the Communist Party of China comprehensively explores the treasure trove of Chinese civilization of more than 5,000 years, uses Marxism to activate the vital and outstanding factors in China’s excellent traditional culture and gives it new era connotations, and sublimates “the people are the foundation of the country” to “the people are the foundation of the country”. “People-centered” and “not worrying about scarcity, but worrying about inequality” have been condensed into the development philosophy of common prosperity.
The Party’s Continuous Deepening of Understanding of the “Second Combination”
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that looking back on the party’s century-old history of struggle, the reason why our party has been able to achieve major achievements in various historical periods of revolution, construction, and reform, and can lead the people to complete arduous tasks that are impossible for other political forces in China, is that it has mastered Marxism. The party has mastered the powerful power of truth through the scientific theory of socialism and constantly promoted theoretical innovation in combination with new realities. The Communist Party of China is a firm believer and practitioner of Marxism and a loyal inheritor and promoter of China’s excellent traditional culture. It will never abandon the soul of Marxism and the roots of China’s excellent traditional culture. This soul and root serve as the basis and premise for theoretical innovation, always injecting the great spirit and rich wisdom of the Chinese nation into Marxism at a deeper level, effectively connecting the essence of Marxist thought with the essence of China’s excellent traditional culture, and using China’s excellent traditional culture In order to rely on it to continuously open up a new realm of adapting Marxism to China and the times.
As early as the period of the New Democratic Revolution, Mao Zedong deeply realized that “the universal truth of Marxism must be completely and appropriately unified with the specific practice of the Chinese revolution, that is, combined with the characteristics of the nation and through a certain national form. useful”. To achieve the victory of the revolution, we must promote the sinicization of Marxism and “make it bear Chinese characteristics in every expression, that is, apply it according to China’s characteristics.” The cultural tradition of the nation is part of the real society and is an implicit conceptual expression of the current situation of the times. The “national form” and “Chinese characteristics” here inherently contain the spiritual traits and cultural concepts of the Chinese nation. Therefore, Mao Zedong summarized the practical orientation of Marxism as the unity of knowledge and action as seeking truth from facts, organically combined the idea of the mutual interdependence of all things with the law of the unity of opposites, integrated the values of a harmonious society and the ideal proposition of communism, and achieved the first leap in the sinicization of Marxism.
After the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Communist Party of China continued to deepen its correct understanding of the Sinicization of Marxism. At the 12th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it proposed to “combine the universal truth of Marxism with the specific reality of our country and follow its own path.” ”, and continue to draw wisdom and power from China’s excellent traditional culture. For example, the proposal of “a moderately prosperous society” is taken from “the people are tired, but they can be well-off”, which takes the modern people’s vision and ideal of a beautiful society as the stage goal of socialist construction; “people-oriented” is taken from “the people are the foundation of the country,” “The foundation is solid and the state is peaceful”, taking traditional concepts as the core orientation of the party’s governance for the people, and achieving the second leap in the sinicization of Marxism during the period of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
Entering the new era, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has summarized historical experience and fully realized that the “second combination” is a historical necessity derived from profound historical logic. At the conference celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly stated for the first time that “we must persist in integrating the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality and with China’s excellent traditional culture.” At the symposium on cultural inheritance and development, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “To pioneer and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics based on the profound foundation of Chinese civilization for more than 5,000 years, it is necessary to combine the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality and with China’s excellent traditional culture. “The only path we must take” is the regular understanding we have gained in exploring the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and it is the greatest magic weapon for our success.” The subsequent National Propaganda, Ideological and Cultural Work Conference formally proposed Xi Jinping Cultural Thoughts. Xi Jinping’s cultural thoughts take “the second combination” as one of the important methods, and achieve clear and practical application in cultural theoretical viewpoints and cultural work layout, marking the party’s understanding of the relationship between Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture Reaching a new realm, the understanding of the laws of socialist cultural construction with Chinese characteristics has reached a new height.
“Second combination” helps build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the “second combination” is our party’s profound summary of the historical experience of adapting Marxism to the times and its profound grasp of the law of development of Chinese civilization. It shows that our party’s understanding of China’s path, theory, and system has reached It shows that our party’s historical confidence and cultural confidence have reached a new height, and that our party’s consciousness of promoting cultural innovation while inheriting China’s excellent traditional culture has reached a new height. The “second combination” plays an important role in promoting the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture and building the modern civilization of the Chinese nation.
The “second combination” can consolidate the cultural subject and open up space for innovation. In modern times, China’s country has been humiliated, its people have suffered, and its civilization has been covered in dust. Historical nihilism and cultural nihilism are prevalent in society. It should be acknowledged that the history of civilization development for thousands of years will inevitably be restricted and affected by the limitations of people’s understanding level, era conditions, social systems, etc. at that time, so there will inevitably be outdated things. This requires people to make correct choices in combination with new practices and the requirements of the times when learning, researching and applying traditional culture, developing through inheritance, and inheriting through development. The basic prerequisite for achieving national independence and national prosperity is to strengthen cultural self-confidence. As General Secretary Xi Jinping said, cultural self-confidence is a more basic, deeper and more lasting force. Both history and reality show that a nation that abandons or betrays its own history and culture is not only unlikely to develop, but is also likely to stage a historical tragedy. The “second combination” strengthens cultural confidence, consolidates cultural subjectivity, and opens up space for innovation, allowing us to make full use of the precious resources of China’s excellent traditional culture in a broader cultural space and explore theoretical and institutional innovations for the future. .
The “second combination” allows Chinese civilization and Marxism to achieve each other and shine together in a new era. Marxism has activated the genes of Chinese civilization with the light of truth, enabled the Chinese nation to achieve a leap from tradition to modernity, promoted the development, renewal and cultural transformation of Chinese civilization, forming a theoretical system that not only has the scientific connotation of Marxism, but also has the richness of Chinese civilization A new cultural life form with rich cultural heritage. At the same time, China’s excellent traditional culture provides rich cultural nourishment for Marxism, enriches the cultural life of Marxism, and allows the Chinese contemporary Marxism to demonstrate a distinctive Chinese style and style, becoming the essence of the times and the Chinese spirit of Chinese culture and spirit. A theoretical weapon that changes the world. In addition, the “second combination” helps promote Chinese-style modernization and provides methodological guidance for building a modern civilization of the Chinese nation. Chinese civilization has endowed Chinese-style modernization with profound cultural heritage and value accumulation. Chinese-style modernization has given Chinese civilization great vitality, allowing Chinese civilization to become the cultural form of Chinese-style modernization in the 21st century.
The “Second Combination” is a great achievement of the Sinicization of Marxism with the times. It shows that our party’s consciousness of promoting theoretical innovation while inheriting China’s excellent traditional culture has reached a new height. It is also another ideological emancipation and plays a vital role in comprehensive construction. It has far-reaching guiding significance to build a modern socialist country and comprehensively promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and is one of the important paths to building the modern civilization of the Chinese nation. To study Xi Jinping’s cultural thoughts in depth, we must deeply understand the ideological connotation and significance of the times of the “Second Union”, and continuously develop Marxism on the basis of striving to maintain the Chinese cultural context and promote the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture. A new realm of Chineseization and modernization.
[Written by: Han Xiping and Yang Yuchuan, special researchers, respectively deputy secretary of the Party Committee of Jilin University and researcher at the Northeast Ethnic Research Center of the School of Marxism of Jilin University]
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