Author: Shang Zhixiao (researcher at Shandong Research Center for Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and professor at Shandong Normal University)
At the symposium on cultural inheritance and development, General Secretary Xi Jinping systematically elaborated on the significance of the “two combinations”, highlighted the importance of the “second combination”, and pointed out: “The ‘second combination’ is another ideological emancipation. Allow us to make full use of the precious resources of China’s excellent traditional culture in a broader cultural space and explore theoretical and institutional innovations for the future.” We must follow the direction and requirements pointed out by General Secretary Xi Jinping and deeply understand the “Second The fundamental value of “the first combination” is to create an organically unified new cultural life body and form a Chinese-style modern cultural form. Accurately understand the “second combination” to promote cultural prosperity, build a culturally powerful country, and build the Chinese nation at a new starting point. The key role of modern civilization is to promote the “second combination” to deepen and develop in the new era and new journey, and continue to be deeper and more solid.
To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, we must scientifically grasp the theoretical system and ideological essence of Marxism
When discussing the integration of the basic principles of Marxism with China’s excellent traditional culture, the report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China requires that we must “integrate the essence of Marxist thought with the essence of China’s excellent traditional culture.” This means that in order to “combine” the two well, we must first understand the essence of Marxist thought and grasp the essence of China’s excellent traditional culture, and then further connect and connect the “ideological essence” and the “cultural essence” so that the two All aspects move from mutual agreement to organic combination.
The essence of Marxist thought is contained in the Marxist scientific system and the attributes of truth. As a science that reveals the nature and development laws of the objective world, and as an ideological weapon for the proletariat and the working people to change their destiny and transform the world, Marxism has been fully developed in various fields such as nature, society, and thinking, demonstrating philosophy, political economics, and scientific society. doctrine and other multi-disciplinary dimensions, building a rich and majestic truth system. In the organic unity of history and logic, reality and future, Marxism creatively reveals the complete and inevitable transition of human society from low level to high level, the basic contradictions of capitalism from implicit to explicit, and the inevitable transition of social form from capitalism to socialism. A clear development picture and development path, the practical power guided by essential connections and laws, and the logical power of conceptual judgment, reasoning, analysis and synthesis, point out the direction and clarify the future for the development of human society and the future of the proletariat. Marxism integrates worldview and methodology, has the courage to resort to action and is committed to practical transformation, adheres to the people’s position and the laws of social development, and has all the elements that a “science” should have. It is truly scientific and implements scientificity to the end. The crystallization of thinking. The reason why Marxism has become the fundamental guiding ideology for us to build the party and the country, and to rejuvenate the party and the country is due to its scientific attributes, truth system, and practical purpose, as well as its materialist stance, dialectical thinking, and people’s feelings.
From the Marxist scientific system and the attributes of truth, we can see that the essence of Marxist thought is the core essence contained in the Marxist theoretical system and has spiritual support. It is the condensation of the scientific worldview methodology that can play a guiding role. . On this issue, Marxist classic writers have revealed and explained it from different angles. For example, Marx and Engels attached great importance to the dialectical content in the theoretical system they founded, emphasized the methodological significance of its practical creation, and regarded it as our “guide to study history” and “guide to action”; Lenin regarded materialist dialectics as “Marxist “Living soul” and believed that “concrete analysis of specific problems” is the core essence of Marxism; Comrade Mao Zedong emphasized “the connection between theory and practice” and regarded “seeking truth from facts” as the spiritual essence of Marxism. All these reveal the essence of Marxist thought from one aspect and provide direction and method guidance for us to understand the essence of Marxist thought.
To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, we must scientifically grasp the essence of Marxist thought and grasp the foundation, core and essence of the Marxist theoretical system. Only in this way can we apply and develop Marxism accurately rather than roughly, scientifically rather than mechanically, and effectively rather than in vain. It is precisely because our party has scientifically grasped the spiritual essence of Marxism and flexibly used Marxist standpoints, viewpoints, and methods that it has fully confirmed the guiding position and leading function of the Marxist worldview methodology, and thus promoted the continuous success of the great practice of China’s revolution, construction, and reform. Promoting the in-depth development of the “second combination” requires that in the process of learning, applying and developing Marxism, we must not be superficial, scratch the surface, or be dogmatic or pragmatic. We must focus on applying its ideas on the basis of a comprehensive grasp of standpoints, viewpoints and methods. The essence is to connect China’s excellent traditional culture and guide the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture.
To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, we must accurately understand the connotation of China’s excellent traditional culture and its contemporary value
China’s excellent traditional culture is rich in connotation, extensive and profound. To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, we need to correctly grasp the essence of China’s excellent traditional culture. The essence of China’s excellent traditional culture is the essential part of China’s excellent traditional culture, and it is the representative achievement and classic content of China’s excellent traditional culture. The “essence” that exists in the “matrix” of China’s excellent traditional culture is the cohesion of the essential connotation of China’s excellent traditional culture and a representation of its spiritual charm. It is the manifestation of the value function of China’s excellent traditional culture and the support of its kinetic energy. Such “cultural essence” must transcend time and space, be full of eternal charm, and have contemporary value.
Regarding traditional culture that contains both the best and the worst, our party has always adopted a scientific attitude of treating it with discrimination and inheriting it with abandonment. On the one hand, we consciously respect national history, fully respect traditional culture, collect and excavate it in a pragmatic and realistic manner, and resolutely overcome the nihilism that ignores historical and cultural traditions and the retroism that puts tradition first; on the other hand, we scientifically analyze the advantages and disadvantages of culture and fully explore The excellent content and essence of it enable the ideological concepts, moral norms and humanistic spirit that have been repeatedly tested over thousands of years to be carried forward under new historical conditions. From “traditional Chinese culture” to “excellent Chinese traditional culture” and then to “the essence of excellent Chinese traditional culture”, this progression and gradual deepening clearly reflects the deepening of our party’s cognitive thinking and the level of appreciation. promote. The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward concepts such as “the world is for the public, the people are the foundation of the country, governance is based on virtue, reform and innovation, appointing people on their merits, harmony between nature and man, self-improvement, virtuous conduct, trustworthiness and harmony, and benevolence and kindness to neighbors.” It is regarded as an important manifestation of the cosmology, world view, social view and moral view accumulated by the Chinese people in their long-term production and life. It is regarded as the crystallization of the wisdom of Chinese civilization and is the condensation of China’s excellent traditional culture in the sense of “cultural essence”. Generalization and precise elaboration.
To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, we must fully understand the contemporary value of China’s excellent traditional culture and strive to highlight the excellent Chinese tradition in the process of scientifically analyzing the “excellent” connotation of Chinese traditional culture and transforming it from value judgment to factual judgment. Culture serves an important function in Chinese-style modernization. For example, China’s excellent traditional culture can serve the ruling party’s governance practices with rich political wisdom, nourish the cultivation of socialist core values with abundant value ideas, and influence people’s moral development and quality improvement with the concept of righteousness and self-cultivation. Promoting the construction of a harmonious socialist society with complete interpersonal norms, being able to unite the Chinese people to work together for the great cause of rejuvenation with a profound national spirit, being able to promote exchanges and mutual learning with world civilizations with inclusive and harmonious thinking, etc., are all things that we should focus on exploring from the excellent traditional Chinese culture , the essence of vigorously promoting. Only in this way can the combination of the basic principles of Marxism and the excellent traditional Chinese culture be truly implemented and further bear fruitful results.
To promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture must achieve each other in their mutual integration.
At the symposium on cultural inheritance and development, General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out the principles and fundamental paths to promote the deepening development of “second combination”, emphasizing that the premise of “combination” is mutual agreement and the result of “combination” is mutual achievement; through “Combination” creates an organically unified new cultural life, making Marxism Chinese, China’s excellent traditional culture becoming modern, and the new culture formed through “combination” becoming a Chinese-style modern cultural form. Although Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture are different in time, space, function and role, they are “highly consistent with each other”. Where they are integrated, there is the feasibility and reality of integration. The mutual achievement of Marxism and the excellent traditional Chinese culture is the common pursuit of mutual integration and organic combination of the two. China’s excellent traditional culture urgently needs the guidance and guidance of the scientific worldview methodology of Marxism. It urgently needs Marxism to activate its cultural vitality with the light of truth. It especially needs the guidance and activation of Marxism to present its own contemporary value and practical function; Marxism needs To continuously promote the modernization of China and achieve new leaps, we need to constantly demonstrate our own Chinese style and Chinese style.
In this regard, Comrade Mao Zedong used historical materialism to transform the traditional Chinese thinking of “the people are the foundation of the country” and put forward the famous assertion that “the people, and only the people, are the driving force for creating world history”; Innovate and transform the empirical and textual research methods of “loving the past and seeking truth from facts” to give new connotation to “seeking truth from facts” to reveal the spiritual essence of dialectical materialism; draw on ancient Chinese epistemology and theory from works such as “On Practice” and “On Contradiction” Dialectical thinking makes it a model of the organic integration of Marxist philosophy and Chinese revolutionary practice. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has deeply promoted the integration of the basic principles of Marxism with the excellent traditional Chinese culture, making the latest achievements of the sinicization of Marxism with the times more distinctive national characteristics and Chinese style. In a series of important speeches and theoretical discussions, General Secretary Xi Jinping skillfully used famous quotes from Chinese culture to activate their inherent rational factors, find the connection point between traditional culture and modern life, and give them new era connotations and modern expressions, such as From the coexistence of Kyushu to the community of the Chinese nation, from the coexistence of all things to the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, from the enrichment of the people to common prosperity, etc. Efforts should be made to promote the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture, so that China’s excellent traditional culture can move from ancient times to modern times, adapt to contemporary culture, coordinate with modern society, and promote it in a way that is popular and widely participatory. Realize the leap from tradition to modernity in China’s excellent traditional culture, promote the renewal of life and modern transformation of Chinese civilization, and thereby develop the modern form of Chinese civilization. Such efforts not only allow Marxism to be grafted and connected with China’s excellent traditional culture, but also make the latest achievements of the sinicization of Marxism present a more profound historical and cultural heritage. At the same time, they also activate the inherent vitality of traditional culture through materialist dialectics, allowing China’s excellent traditional culture demonstrates its due contemporary charm and style of the times.
To allow Marxism and Chinese excellent traditional culture to achieve mutual success in their mutual integration, we must grasp the key tasks and substantive requirements of the combination, and on the basis of the existing achievements, further connect the two for comparison and identification, and confirm We should find commonalities, find differences, and clarify complementary spaces, so as to promote the deepening development of the “second combination” in a targeted manner. First, identify the commonalities. Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture, in terms of cognitive objects and focus directions, jointly focus on human society and the relationship between its elements, the interaction and common development of people and society, and both advocate the practical application and pragmatic character of ideas. Marxism’s emphasis on the supremacy and priority of “practice” is consistent with the essence of China’s excellent traditional culture that pursues the “unity of knowledge and action”; Marxism’s materialist dialectics and the theory of the unity of opposites are consistent with the “one divides into two” concept in China’s excellent traditional culture “The wisdom of the golden mean, etc., all have similarities in cognitive viewpoints and consistency in inner spirit. Second, find the differences. Marxism pays attention to historical changes and the laws of development, and has the characteristics of grand narrative and pattern analysis. The excellent traditional Chinese culture is biased towards group order and human cultivation, with a style of ethics and moral development. This difference allows us to see, to a certain extent, possible areas where the two can integrate with each other. Third, clarify the complementary space. Marxist materialism, dialectics, epistemology, historical views, values, and theories on politics, economy, culture, etc., are related to the world view, knowledge and action, harmony, ethics, integrity and humanistic concepts in the excellent traditional Chinese culture , moral spirit, national integrity and other aspects, all have rich content that can be learned from each other. “Marxism grasps the essence of human beings from the perspective of social relations. Chinese culture also places people in the family, country and world, and opposes treating people as isolated individuals.” Marxist ideas about the free and comprehensive development of people are in line with the excellent Chinese tradition Culture’s concept of human self-cultivation has broad space for complementarity and will certainly help contemporary Chinese Marxism and 21st-century Marxism achieve further innovative development in the fields of human development theory and human modernization theory.
Only by mutual agreement can organic combination be achieved. “Combining” is not a forced combination, not a “platter”, not a simple “physical reaction”, but a profound “chemical reaction”. Marxism uses a scientific worldview methodology to promote the creative transformation and innovative development of China’s excellent traditional culture, activates the genes of Chinese civilization with the light of truth, and promotes the life renewal and modern transformation of Chinese civilization; China’s excellent traditional culture enriches the cultural life of Marxism and enables Marxism shows an increasingly distinctive Chinese style and style. Promote the deepening development of the “second combination”, let Marxism and China’s excellent traditional culture achieve each other in their mutual integration, let Marxism become Chinese, China’s excellent traditional culture become modern, and let the new culture formed through “combination” To become a cultural form of Chinese modernization, the ideological power of Marxism will be further fully demonstrated, and the contemporary value of China’s excellent traditional culture will be further fully exerted.
“Guangming Daily” (November 20, 2023, page 15)
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