Zheng Likang: Radiation levels in seawater are safe and Japanese nuclear wastewater does not flow into Malaysian waters

Zheng Likang: Radiation levels in seawater are safe and Japanese nuclear wastewater does not flow into Malaysian waters

(Putrajaya News on the 13th) The nuclear wastewater discharged by Japan into the ocean has not yet reached the waters of Malaysia and ASEAN.

Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Zheng Likang said that based on the results of testing in six sea areas across the country, so far, the radioactivity levels in our seas have not changed at all and are at safe levels.

“The treated nuclear sewage discharged by Japan into the ocean has not yet flowed into the waters of Malaysia and ASEAN.”

Share monitoring information with ASEAN countries

In conjunction with the Chinese Lunar New Year, Zheng Likang, who accepted a joint interview with the media, said that according to the ocean current distribution map, the water will flow to the United States first and then to Malaysia. It does not follow the map and flow down from above.

He said that our country monitors radioactivity levels in the sea by installing radioactive detection instruments in seawater, and our country cooperates with other ASEAN countries and everyone shares information, so if the nuclear sewage discharged by Japan enters the waters of ASEAN, everyone will know .

Ministry of Health inspects seafood safety

He said that this monitoring is not only to detect the radiation level of Japan’s nuclear sewage, but also for the safety of the entire navigation, including that if chemicals appear in the sea water, they will know as soon as possible.

On August 24 last year, Japan discharged water treated by the Advanced Liquid Treatment System (ALPS) into the sea, causing public doubts about the safety of Japanese seafood. In any case, Zheng Likang added that the Ministry of Health is responsible for testing the safety of seafood.

Competing with Indonesia to build a space launch station, Mamei Earthquake Volcano has the upper hand

We are competing with Indonesia to build the first space launch station in Southeast Asia. If we fail, our country may not build a space launch station.

Zheng Likang said that Indonesia is also planning to build a space base, but they have not determined when to launch the rocket. If Indonesia builds it before Malaysia, Malaysia will definitely not be able to do it again.

Only 1 transmitting station is needed in Southeast Asia

“Because in this area, we basically cannot support two space launch stations. The entire area only needs one.”

He said frankly that now we have to compete with Indonesia. If Indonesia starts construction earlier than Malaysia, then Malaysia will give up. Our goal is to break ground in 2026.

“Of course we hope to be faster than Indonesia. The advantages we have are not available in Indonesia.”

He said that my country’s advantages include being on the equator, having no earthquakes or volcanoes, fewer natural disasters and man-made disasters, and having a relatively mature electronics industry. Therefore, my country must compete to become the first country in Southeast Asia to have a rocket launch base.

He believes that Indonesia cannot complete the construction of the space launch station within one year.

In any case, he added that if Indonesia really has one, and companies that want to invest in Malaysia in the future have confidence in building a space launch station in our country, it is still possible to continue building it in our country.

“Because this becomes a business decision, it depends on whether the company wants to invest in Malaysia. It is currently an assessment based on the number of satellite launches.”

4 companies are interested in Mashe launch station

He said that there are currently four companies interested in building rocket launch stations in our country. These four companies are all local companies combined with foreign companies.

“They come in to inquire, and ultimately the companies that are really interested will spend the money to do feasibility studies, which include environmental assessments and a lot of different assessments.”

Zheng Likang reiterated that this is a plan financed by the private sector. The government did not contribute any money, but only formulated relevant terms and guidelines.

The ministry has promoted the “Guidelines for Feasibility Study on Developing Space Launch Stations” on November 3, 2023.

Looking to produce human vaccines by 2030

my country aims to successfully manufacture its own human vaccine before 2030.

Zheng Likang said that my country will start the research and development of human vaccines in 2021 and cooperate with international partners to develop it, hoping to manufacture its own human vaccines before 2030. At present, our country only has the ability to manufacture animal vaccines.

He said that the human vaccines currently being studied in our country include human vaccines for dengue fever and cancer, such as vaccines for head and neck cancer.

Although many countries are conducting stem cell research, Zheng Likang said that due to our limited resources, we can only focus on one or two key points. The government has not yet made stem cell research a research focus.

Collecting DNA samples from 10,000 people towards the goal of precision medicine

Zheng Likang revealed that this year our country will begin to collect 10,000 DNA samples from Chinese people and conduct genome sequencing to move towards the goal of precision medicine.

He said that precision medicine is one of the ministry’s priorities this year. Currently, many countries have established their own gene banks by collecting the DNA of their own people for genome sequencing.

He said that after the Ministry of Health collects DNA samples from Chinese people, the Ministry will be responsible for conducting genome sequencing.

At present, most pharmaceuticals are based on Western body constitutions.

He pointed out that this data is very important because many of today’s drugs are often inaccurate. Most of the companies’ drugs are manufactured based on Westerners’ physiques, eating habits, and Western environments, making these drugs very general. , so our country must have its own data.

He said, in the case of cancer, you should use the drug for whatever cancer you have. But why is it effective for some cancer patients and not for others? It’s because the drug is not very specific and very general, so we need precision medicine. Treatment requires the collection of genome sequencing data of Chinese people.

He said that the first stage is to collect samples and then treat cancer patients in a more targeted manner. The more precise it is, the more subdivided it is. For the time being, it is only based on nationality. Through these 10,000 samples, Malaysia’s own data will be compiled. This research involves a large budget, so we dare not set a target for when it will be completed.

“We hope to complete it as soon as possible.”

This year’s roadmap to promote the hydrogen economy aims to become a hydrogen energy exporter by 2027

Zheng Likang said that my country aims to become a hydrogen energy exporter by 2027.

He said that once the hydrogen energy plant in Sarawak is completed, the country will be able to export hydrogen energy by 2027.Following the launch last year

After the Hydrogen Economy and Technology Roadmap (HETR), this year our country will focus on how to promote the hydrogen economy roadmap.

Zheng Likang said that to promote the hydrogen economy, the government needs to create an entire ecosystem, that is, not only to create green hydrogen energy, but also to ensure that people use it. In view of this, the Ministry is currently discussing with Malaysia Airports Holdings Bhd whether some of their ground fleet, such as luggage-carrying and passenger-carrying buses, can be turned into Hydrogen energy transportation industry.

He said the ministry will conduct a pilot project in the peninsula to set up mobile hydrogen refueling stations in Putrajaya and Cyberjaya.

He said that the so-called green hydrogen energy means that the source of hydrogen energy is clean. Solar energy and wind power are clean energy sources. This is Malaysia’s advantage. Sarawak has dams and hydroelectric power. Nowadays, European and American countries attach great importance to clean energy.

The land has enough sunshine to produce green hydrogen energy

He said we also have enough land and sunlight resources to produce green hydrogen energy.

He admitted frankly that compared with other existing energy sources, hydrogen energy is definitely more expensive, but green hydrogen energy can be stored or used directly to generate electricity. Solar energy cannot be stored. Compared with electric vehicles and hydrogen energy vehicles, hydrogen energy vehicles will be more expensive. Environmental friendly.

Hydrogen vehicles have no carbon footprint and are more environmentally friendly

“The advantage of hydrogen cars is that hydrogen energy is completely clean. The hydrogen it pumps in is excreted as water. There is no carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide. There is no so-called carbon footprint problem. However, electric cars do, because they have very large particles. The battery is the largest component of the entire electric vehicle, and the carbon footprint of the process of manufacturing that battery will be relatively large.”

He said that hydrogen energy has not yet been produced in large quantities, and the economies of scale have not yet been reached, so the price of hydrogen energy is relatively expensive, but if we slowly create the entire ecosystem, the price will slowly decrease.

The third PDF will be completed this year

Cheng Likang said that the permanent waste storage facility (PDF) in Gebeng, Kuantan, which is used to store 1.6 million metric tons of radioactive waste from Lynas, will complete the third storage room this year, and the last storage room will be completed in 2026, and the waste will be Deposit in.

He frankly said that with Malaysia’s current capabilities and buildings, it is impossible for waste materials to be stored in a storage room without leaking for tens of thousands of years. It needs to be renovated and reinforced every few hundred years, so he believes that it is a good idea for him. In other words, PDF is not a good solution to radioactive waste.

Large-scale waste extraction technology in 2025

He said that the technology to extract thorium from waste is expected to be large-scale by 2025. In this case, there is actually no need for PDF, because the waste is no longer radioactive.

However, he added that despite this, Linus still had to complete the PDF.

In response to the DAP Raub MP Chow Yu Hui’s revelation last year that rare earth radioactive waste was dumped behind the Gebeng factory, exposed to the air, and left to the sun and rain, Cheng Li Kang said that it is better to put it there for now, just to wait for the PDF to be built. Put the waste in. According to data from the Atomic Energy Licensing Bureau, these wastes do not pose a threat to people’s health. They test the nearby environment every year, as well as the health of their employees, and the radiation levels do not exceed standards.

He said, “We know this is wrong, but the previous condition was to ask Lynas to build the PDF, but it has not been built yet. Where should we put the waste?”

“The government’s responsibility is to ensure that these waste materials are put into PDF.”

Asked whether Lynas would not extract radioactive thorium from waste because it calculated that the cost was not cost-effective, Zheng Likang said that one of the reasons Lynas was willing to do it was that it was cost-effective, and thorium had a price and there were buyers.

“Thorium is a good raw material for power generation. For now, we will sell thorium to countries that generate nuclear power.”

Cross-departmental cooperation to alleviate human resource shortages

In the past, government departments worked in silos. The unity government is determined to break the tradition, strengthen cross-departmental cooperation and improve efficiency.

Zheng Likang said that the unity government is different from the approach of previous governments. The government is led as a whole, and each department no longer operates independently. This is very important for all government departments.

He said that we have seen that the government is a very large mechanism with huge power, but it also has many shortcomings. Many departments do their own thing, do not cooperate with other departments and institutions, and have always protected their own “territory”. So the unity government will strengthen this and there will be a lot of cross-departmental cooperation projects in the coming year.

“I have instructed civil servants across my department to adapt to this new approach.”

For example, he said that since the oil palm industry is facing a serious shortage of human resources, the ministry will cooperate with the Ministry of Plantation and Commodity Industries to use technology to solve the problem of harvesting oil palm. In this era, many things can be replaced by technology.

“If this cooperation is successful, it can greatly alleviate the entire human resource shortage problem.”

He revealed that another cross-departmental cooperation is with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security to alleviate food security problems, such as researching rice varieties with better disease resistance.

“We will also work with the Ministry of Education to promote science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education.”

He said that the ministry is also cooperating with the Ministry of Investment, Trade and Industry on how to promote electric vehicles, and the Ministry of Energy Transition and Public Utilities on how to promote the hydrogen economy. This is the overall policy of the government.

5 major development projects launched this year

He said that the ministry’s five key development projects this year are: hydrogen economy and technology roadmap, artificial intelligence, biotechnology, (food security and precision medicine), and the launch of the “My Startup” initial enterprise ecosystem through Cradle Fund Sdn Bhd. With the National Science and Technology Innovation Sandbox Program, the aviation industry develops.

“In terms of AI, we will cooperate with the Ministry of Digital and the Ministry of Economy. We focus on regulations. In the first quarter of this year, we will launch a framework on how to use artificial intelligence responsibly.”


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